River Basin Planning: A Case study on Gayathri River Basin , Palakkad District, Kerala
Watershed has been accepted as the basic unit for Natural Resource Management (NRM) activities and micro watershed is the smallest possible hydro geological unit where meaningful intervention can be done for NRM. However a better understanding of the sub basins and various micro watersheds in relation to their position within the river basin is necessary for solving problems related to water and for optimum land use and biomass production. It is in this context, Kerala State Land Use Board attempted to prepare a river basin plan of Gayathri river, a tributary of Bharathapuzha spread over mostly in Palakkad and partly in Thrissur District Kerala.Read More
LAND RESOURCE INFORMATION SYSTEM
Resource based perspective plan 2020 AD
This a first approximation document on a resource based land use plan in 1:250,000 scale. The report narrows down the knowledge gap in the direction of scientific agricultural development to identify the problems and potentialities of land resource, suitable crops in three levels of suitability factors, limiting factors, area, location upto village level. The data includes village-wise soil units, their area and suitability sub classes, taluk-wise area of each soil units with suitability status indicating recommendation for main and intercrops, list of crops indicating potential productivity under S1, S2, S3 situations, potential areas available for commonly cultivated crops in the State, etc.
Watershed Atlas of Kerala
A Watershed Atlas of the forty four river basins of the State on 1:50,000 scale was prepared and published which would cater the needs of the line departments to have uniformity in watershed delineation when chalking out watershed management and development programmes. This serves as a baseline spatial database.
Land use survey of Idukki district using remote sensing techniques
The project was completed in 1981. The objective was to evolve a large scale land use plan for the district for land use planning and natural resource management for sustainable development, using panchromatic black and white and Colour Infra Red (CIR) aerial photographs on 1:15,000 scale.
Forest cover mapping
A study was undertaken by Forest Survey of India to map the forest cover of the country using satellite remote sensing. The ground truth support of the project for the State was done by Land Use Board in collaboration with State Forest Department.
Satellite monitoring of Malampuzha Irrigation Command
The study was carried out to assess the progression of irrigation across the command as well to assess the ayacut area and yield forecast during Rabi season of 1993-94 as part of NWMP.
Study of culturable wastelands, its magnitude and extent
This was a sponsored proejct of Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India with the objective to make realsitic assessment of the culturable wastelands of the State in terms of its type, magnitude and extent and ascertain the reasons for not cultivating the land. The report of the study presented the extent of distribution of the classes of culturable wasteland in each district giving factual data for land use planning at micro level.
Nationwide Land use/land cover Mapping Project
Land use/land cover mapping of the entire State was carried out by the visual interpretation (1:250,000 scale) of IRS-IA satellite images.
Identificationand Mapping of Waste lands in 1:50,000 scale
The area of extent of the different waste lands categories of the State were mapped.
Coconut Crop Inventory
The Coconut Crop Inventory of Alapuzha, Kottayam and Idukki districts were done by interpretation of Satellite images, CIR and aerial photographs in collaboration with Space Application Centre, Ahemedabad.
Land Degradation (Land Slides) in Kerala
The objective of the study was to provide a general understanding of the land slide problem of the State and identify potential landslide areas. The report of the study conducted in 1996 brought out different case studies on land slides in the State, land slide occurrence in the State and categorised the land slide hazard risk zones of the State spatially at 1:250,000 scale.
Assessing the Extent and Magnitude of the Degradation Occurring in the Wetlands of Kerala
The objectives of the project are (1) to identify and categorize the wetlands(paddy fields) occurring in the State of Kerala on 1:10,000 scale, (2) to assess the extent of degradation occurring in the wetlands(paddy fields), (3) to generate a digital database of the wetlands(paddy fields) of Kerala and (4) to document the reasons for the various degradation process taking place. The study is completed and documentation is in progress.
Master plan for Kunnummel Grama Panchayat
As per the request of the Grama Panchayat, a master plan for effective land and water resource management in the Panchayat is prepared in 1:5,000 scale. Different thematic maps and report were handed over to the Panchayat.
Agro ecological zonation project
The agro ecological zonation of the nine districts, viz. Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Alapuzha, Thiruvananthapuram, Kottayam, Palakkad, Malappuram, Thrissur, and Kasaragod districts has been completed. 985 farm clubs were organised at panchayat level for disseminating the advanced technologies and management practices in the farming community of the State. Soil and leaf analysis are been carried out to assess the micronutrient status and suitable recommendations are given to the farmers.
Digital PRM data base
The resource maps prepared in Thrissur, Wayaand and Ernakulam districts were brought to digital format using the Geographical Information System. The Block level atlas was prepared for all the blocks in these districts. User interactive software, Panchayat Resource Information System (PRIS) was also developed for Thrissur district.
Jala Paristithi Swadeshi Sandesha Yathra
A State level yathra was organized from Kasaragode to Thiruvananthapuram during January 2004 to create awareness among the people on conservation of water, environment and promotion of local products.
Awareness on Rain water harvesting
Massive awareness on the need of rain water harvesting was done through campaign indifferent districts, seminars and advertisements in print and visual media.
All the study reports of projects mentioned above are widely accepted by various technical organizations. Studies about the landslide prone areas and the watershed atlas of the State is a unique study and first of its kind in the Kerala context. The data is of much use to the various organizations for the preparation of perspective development plans on watershed basis. The Land Use Board has more than 40 study reports and publications to its credit.
Panchayat Resource Mapping (PRM) programme
Panchayat Resource Mapping Programme (PRM) provides the basic details in spatial format for the development activities of the local bodies. The mapping programme is done in cadastral scale, which is first of its kind in the country. This is essentially a participatory programme which involves the mapping of assets, land use and water resources of individual survey plots by trained volunteers on cadastral scale. The Panchayat Resource Mapping is completed in the districts of Kollam, Thrissur, Palakkad, Ernakulam, Kannur, Wayanad and Kozhikkode districts and is progressing in the remaining districts. 892 local bodies has been covered under the programme.
PRM Pilot Demonstration Project
As the second phase of PRM programme, Kerala State Planning Board has entrusted Kerala State Land Use Board to take up PRM Data Utilisation Demonstration pilot projects in selected local bodies of all districts in association with District Planning Office and concerned local bodies, to highlight the utility of PRM data for local level planning. As part of this programme, during 2009-10, seven local bodies were selected and the draft action plan for these LSGIs are being prepared on micro watershed basis, through people's participation.
Micro-watershed level developmental plan for Karimpuzha watershed, Palakkad district, Kerala using IRS data
The objectives of the project are to prepare up to date spatial and non-spatial data sets on natural resources from multi temopral satellite imagery, creation of cadastral level resources information system for sustainable watershed development, to integrate spatial and non-spatial data using GIS to form a relational data base and to suggest land and water resources development action plan to facilitate the need base effective management of resources at local level.
Land Hazard zonation at micro level for disaster management through Remote sensing and GIS - A perspective plan for Thodupuzha Block, Idukki district, Kerala State
The objectives of the project are to prepare a land hazard zonation map of the study area through the study of the different parameters like slope, soil thickness, relative relief, land use pattern, drainage and geological parameters using satellite remote sensing, to delineate the different critical and as well as unstable areas in the district in terms of land hazard risks and to devise strategies for developing localized action programmes for disaster management at Grama Panchayat level in GIS environment.
Improving land utilisation based on agro ecological zonation in Kerala
The objectives of the project are to generate primary (spatial) and secondary data sets on land resources from multi temporal satellite images and field surveys, to study the land utilization pattern in each agro-ecological zones under each district of the study area, to improve the utilization of the natural resources for increasing the production potential of crops, to recommend suitable crops to be cultivated in the areas under irrigation and to suggest sustainable land use pattern for each agro ecological zones.
The Kerala State Land Use Board in collaboration with the National Land Use and Conservation Board, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India celebrate a national resources conservation week each year during Nov 14-20. Various competitions are organized every year to create awareness among the people. Natural resources conservation Awards are given to best Municipalities and Panchayats for their activities in the conservation of the natural resources. Three Regional Seminars are organized every year.